Natural nitrate removal through bacterial action occurs in all marine aquariums. The bacteria live in rock crevices, and in sand and gravel beds. The problem is the specialized bacteria that remove nitrate require a steady supply of carbon to process the nitrate. Too little carbon and nitrate accumulates. Too much carbon causes a variety of problems like cloudy water and nitrite surges. The answer is controlled carbon release with a biopellet reactor.
Here’s how it works. The reactor is loaded with biopellets. The pellets are made of a biodegradable polymer. As the polymer breaks down, carbon is slowly released for the bacteria. This stimulates the nitrate-removing bacteria to do their job. The reactor allows you to control the water flow through the biopellets, safely maximizing the nitrate removal in your aquarium.
The reactor system operates independently from the main aquarium, making it easy to adjust flow rates, add new biopellets and keep the pellets churning so they don’t become clogged with debris.